Machu Picchu Citadel
The Citadel of Machu Picchu (Now one of the new 7th wonders of the world) is the region of Cusco’s most important tourist attraction and definitively of Peru. Discovered in 1911 by the American explorer, Hiram Bingham, this city is considering one of the most extraordinary examples of scenic architecture in the whole world.
It could have been a military outpost strategically places for the conquest of the jungle (or antisuyo) and help to contain potential insurrections of the native antis of the region. It is also said to have been a secret shelter for the acllas or virgins of the Sun, who were dedicated to the service of the Inca, as, in one sector of the citadel, Bingham discovered a burial ground containing only female rests. Other specialists believe it was a favorite rest area of the Inca, or it was a major sanctuary built in honor of the Inca Pachacutec, who saved Cusco’s population from invasion by the Chancas.
The city of Machu Picchu was build at the top of a granite mountain. The Incas, using ingenious engineering techniques, were able to transport heavy stone blocks up the mountainside, and once there, they used their excellent stonework skills to produce amazingly polished stones that fit together perfectly. Reached by hikers along the world-famous Inca Trail or via a spectacular railway journey, Machu Picchu has lost none of its mystery in the hundred years since its discovery.
This is the name given to part of the vast network of trails built by the Incas, which connected the main administrative and religious centers of their empire. One of these trails connects the Cusco city with Machu Picchu.
The most popular section is the four-day trek. Because the trial cuts through incredibly beautiful landscape, due to several different ecological levels, and passes by archeological sites built by the Incas, it has earned the reputation of being one of the world’s best trekking destinations. The trail crosses mountains passes that flit around altitudes of 4,000 meters, like Warmiwañusqa (4,200 m) and Runkuraqay (3,860 m), descends to 2,000 meters (eyebrow of the jungle), takes the trekker on rather long staircases cut in the mountain side, and passes through tunnels that reach 20 meters in length. This section begins at Piskacucho, at the 82nd kilometer of the Cusco.
Machu Picchu Visiting Regulations
To help with preserving this invaluable archeological monument and world natural and cultural heritage site, we recommend you bear the following in mind:
•Bring drinks in canteens only
•Do not bring food or eat within the monument
•Come in groups of no greater than 20 people
•Do not climb the walls
•Lighting open fires is strictly prohibited
•Put litter in the indicated trashcans
•Do not disturb the site’s plant and animal species
•Do not contaminate water sources
•Walk only on the signaled circuits
During a trek along the Inca Trail, the following is absolutely prohibited:
•Lighting campfires and cooking over an open flame
•Spending the night in archeological sites
•Gathering plants, flowers, insects, and animals along the route
Recommended Machu Picchu Tours
After a detailed review of the commentaries and experiences of our passengers, we can recommend the following Machu Picchu tours. We are really sure. you will enjoy as much as them.